Quilting. Layers of fabric sewn together.
Weaving. A method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
Knitting. A method by which thread or yarn is turned into knitted fabric consisting of consecutive rows of loops, called stitches. As each row progresses, a new loop is pulled through an existing loop. The active stitches are held on a needle until another loop can be passed through them.
Crochet. A process of creating fabric from yarn, thread, or other material strands using a crochet hook.
Embroidery. Decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread or yarn.
Appliqué. A smaller ornament or device applied to another surface.
Rug Making. Rug making is the craft of producing a thick fabric that covers part of a floor, which is most known as a rug. There are many types of rugs like braided, prodded, woven, and more.
Rug Hooking. Rugs are made by pulling loops of yarn or fabric through a stiff woven base such as burlap, linen, rug warp or monks cloth. The loops are pulled through the backing material by using a latch hook mounted in a handle for leverage.
Felting. Non-woven cloth produced by matting, condensing and pressing woolen fibers.
Braiding or Plaiting. A complex structure or pattern formed by intertwining three or more strands of flexible material such as textile fibers, wire, or human hair.
Macramé. A form of textile-making using knotting rather than weaving or knitting. Its primary knots are the square knot and forms of “hitching”: full hitch and double half hitches.
Needle Lace. Created using a needle and thread to stitch up hundreds of small stitches to form the lace itself.
Tatting. A technique for handcrafting a particularly durable lace constructed by a series of knots and loops.
Flocking (texture) – the process of depositing many small fiber particles (called flock) onto a surface.
Tapestry. Special type of weaving in which the weft yarns are manipulated freely to form a pattern or design on the front of the fabric.
Basketry. The process of weaving un-spun vegetable fibers into a basket or other similar form.
Patchwork. A form of needlework that involves sewing together pieces of fabric into a larger design.
Silk Fusion. Washed, carded, and dyed raw, silk fibers are laid out in different directions on a base layer. Soapy water and a textile medium are painted on this surface and allowed to dry.
Silk Screen. A process of adding paint or dye to fabric using a screen covered with synthetic or silk mesh that has an image emulsified onto it.
Rope Making. Rope making is the craft of combining many strands of a material to form one stronger cord. The strands are combined by braiding and/or twisting the material together.
Canvas Work. Counted-thread embroidery is stitched onto a canvas or some other type of sturdy material. The most common type of canvas work is needlepoint. Other types include petit point and bargello.
Spinning. The process of combining fibers to make thread or yarn. The thread or yarn is then used to create textiles which is then used to make items like clothing. The more popular technique used for this is ring spinning. Other methods include open-end spinnings, break spinning and more.